Pattachitra art is a traditional style of painting from the Indian state of Odisha. It is known for its vibrant colors, intricate details, and depiction of mythological stories and deities.
The word "pattachitra" literally means "cloth picture" in the Odia language, and the paintings are typically created on cloth or palm leaves. The colors used in Pattachitra paintings are derived from natural sources such as crushed precious stones, tree bark, and powdered pigments.
The Pattachitra style of painting has a long and rich history, with roots dating back to the 5th century AD. It was traditionally created by a community of artists known as chitrakars, who were considered to be of a lower caste. The Pattachitra paintings were often used for religious and ceremonial purposes, and were commissioned by temples and wealthy patrons.
One of the most popular themes in Pattachitra art is the depiction of Lord Jagannath, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, and his siblings, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra. The paintings also depict scenes from Hindu mythology, and the lives of local saints and heroes.
In recent times, Pattachitra art has gained recognition and appreciation at the national and international level and has become a popular form of souvenir among tourists visiting Odisha.
Overall Pattachitra art is a traditional and rich form of painting which has a deep cultural significance and continues to be an important part of Odisha's artistic heritage.